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Student Resources

Simple Terminology

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Simple Japanese/English terminology used within the Southwest Academy of Karate.

NUMBERS

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
Ichi Ni San Shi/Yon Go Roku Shichi/Nana Hachi Kyu Ju
Click Here    A  B  C  D  G  H  I  J  K  M  O  R  S  T  U  W  Y  Z
  

TERMINOLOGY

A
 
AnzaSitting cross legged
B 
BudoMartial Arts
BunkaiApplication (analysis)
BushidoCode of the warrior
C 
ChudanMiddle level of the body (chest & stomach)
D 
Dachi / TachiStances (Dachi when used with another word)
DanBlack belt level
Dō itashimashiteYou are welcome
DojoTraining hall (place of the way)
Domo arigatogozaimashitaThank you very much (Also Domo - thanks; Arigato - Thank you)
G 
GedanLower area of the body (waist & below)
GiTraining uniform
H 
HaiYes
HajimeStart
HanmiHalf body
HanshiSenior Master
HidariLeft
I 
IieNo
Ippon KumiteOne step sparring
J 
JodanUpper level of the body (neck & head)
K 
KaimokuOpen your eyes
KarateEmpty hand
Karate-DoEmpty hand way
KataFormal exercise or form
Keri / GeriKicks (Geri is used when combined with another word)
KihonBasic
KiritsuStand up
KohaiJunior
KyoshiMaster level teacher/teacher of teachers
KyuBelow black belt level

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M
 
MaiFront
MigiRight
MokusoMeditation
O 
ObiBelt
Otagai-ni-reiBow to each other
R 
ReiBow
RenshiPolished Instructor (expert teacher)
RyuStyle/School
S 
SeiretsuLine up
SeizaFormal sitting
SempaiSenior (student)
SenseiInstructor / teacher (lit: the one who has gone before)
Sensei-ni-reiBow to instructor/teacher
ShihanSenior Teacher
Shomen-ni-reiBow to the front
T 
TaisoPhysical exercises
TameshiwariThe art of breaking
TsukiPunches
U 
UchiStrikes
UkeReceiving (Blocks)
UshiroBack
W 
WazaTechnique
Y 
YameStop
YoiReady
YokoSide

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Z
 
Za-reiThe traditional Japanese bow from the kneeling position
ZanshinLit. "remaining mind/heart." Even after a Karate technique has been completed, one should remain in a balanced and aware state.

 

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